It would surprise you to know that there are quite a number of countries around the world that are currently under military rule even in 2021. I mean, 2021! And according to our history books, these states are literally failed states right now.
Two things characterize a failed state. The first is that the government cannot project authority over the people and the territory. The second is that it is unable to protect its boundaries. In other words, the government structure is completely unsuccessful.
Sadly, most are African countries and Nigeria’s close neighbours at that.
Here are the 6 African countries that have slipped into military rule in the last two years and are currently under the system.
Sudan fell to military rule in April 2019 after a deadly civil war and widespread protests that demanded then-president, Omar al-Bashir’s resignation. The army, led by Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf, toppled the government and National Legislature and declared a state of emergency in the country for a period of 3 months
Sudan is currently going through a Transitional Military Council on the way to reinstalling democracy by 2022, according to their master plan.
The Malian coup d’etat was successfully staged on 18 August 2020 and ex-president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta was ousted. This was the first country to experience a military takeover during the coronavirus era. The coup saw the country’s exclusion from the Economic Community of West African States governing bodies. Mali has had two coups in less than a year.
Chad’s coup happened shortly after President Idriss Deny was killed on the battlefield in an offensive by the Chadian rebel group, Front for Change and Concord in Chad. Following Deby’s death, the Chadian army claimed that the rebellious offensive was under control and proclaimed itself to be in political charge for the next 18 months.
The Myanmar coup d’état began on 1 February 2021 when the Tatmadaw military forces deposed the democratically elected government from their legitimately held position of political power. The President, Aung San Suu Kyi was detained and this led to unprecedented protests across the country. Myanmar is the only non-African country on this list. It is a Southeast Asian country.
Guinean special military forces cited corruption as the reason for ousting President Alpha Condé on September 5, 2021. The junta is said to have begun transition talks.
Although the president denies it, what has happened in Tunisia in 2021 has been categorized by many as a coup. But this time, staged from the inside by the president himself, not the army.
On 25 July 2021, Tunisian President Kais Saied dismissed the government and froze the parliament by invoking emergency powers from Article 80 of the Tunisian Constitution. He assumed power as both president and prime minister.
PS: This is not a fully comprehensive list—just one based on fist-rule (military)